I have articulated two views of moral and political thinking by relying on two perspectives on engineering. In this respect, they do not differ from Plato, who envisioned the ideal of the king-philosopher designing the perfect, well-ordered society. It shares this spirit with developments such as open source, wiki, and Fab Lab, which I interpreted as pointing the way towards a better solution to the two alienation problems discussed than the ones offered by utopian and statist versions of socialism.
Platonic studies 2nd ed. Will the ladder break, or fall? The first relies on metaphors related to engineering as a science and a top-down activity; the second draws on metaphors related to engineering as a practice that develops bottom-up.
Let me distinguish between three possible solutions. Like every company, there is a hierarchy in job position. We can think of non-totalitarian ways of overcoming alienation. Both Plato and traditional utilitarians shared the view that the moral life is a matter of gaining knowledge indeed of theory and that this knowledge should be applied to change society from above.
Metaphors we live by.
These people have a wide range of educational background and are reading this to gain a better understanding of the benefits of Engineering and metaphor. As I said above, a wiki is always open to editing. How can the scientific insight be preserved whilst communicating these principles with which the general public has no everyday encounters?
Good is not something that is out there and invites contemplation the good but something that needs to be designed and needs to work. For example, if the designer and the consumer are one and the same person or are closely connectedthen it is unlikely that something will be produced that is of poor quality.
Because metaphors nearly always depend on familiar physical objects as their vehicles, they make abstract concepts more concrete and sensory-rich. In practices such as working with computers and eating industrially processed food which has become a quasi-artefactwe experience this existential alienation when the computer programme does not function well or when the food we eat risks damaging our health.
Paths fork, implying choice. Conclusion Every metaphor has its origin. Lakoff G, Johnson M. It is to be expected that the music of open source politics will sometimes create noise and that some plays in the theatre of science will lack beauty.
Using metaphors such as calculation, performance, and open source, I articulate two opposing views of morality and politics: The Fragility of goodness: And based on this model, one might conceive of a wiki-politics with more built-in correction processes that allow the system to better self-correct itself.
Metaphor and Moral Thinking There are at least three views of the relation between metaphors and thinking, including moral thinking.Metaphors are used in the field as “a figure of speech in which a word or phrase that ordinarily designates one thing is used to designate another, thus making an implicit comparison” .
The Mechanical Engineering field entails different working environments and types of employment. Metaphor Engineering: a Participatory Approach Matthias Rauterberg and Markus Hof Work and Organisational Psychology Unit, ETH, Switzerland Abstract.
Metaphors, Analogies & Similes in Science. as a field in early 21st century by a group of genetic engineers who believed that biology could be seen from an engineering point of view. This meant that new biological machines could be synthesised by humans in order to perform specific functions.
Insynthetic biologists engineered cells.
metaphor, which is posited as an overarching metaphor in engineering. The medical metaphor occurs conventionally in engineering and its use is similar to idioms in general language.
PDF | Metaphor and other imaginative mechanisms that underlie human thought and language such as metonymy are used in everyday and specialised discourse (Lakoff and Johnson ; Lakoff and Nuñez.
The first relies on metaphors related to engineering as a science and a top-down activity; the second draws on metaphors related to engineering as a practice that develops bottom-up. I will argue that the latter view and its metaphors provide a more adequate way to understand and guide the moral life.Download